Education This gave separate textbooks for white and African American school children. As indicated by the passage of the black codes, however, white southerners showed a steadfast commitment to ensuring their supremacy and the survival of plantation agriculture in the postwar years.
Miscegenation [Statute] Marriage between Negroes and mulattoes, and whites prohibited. Miscegenation [Judicial Decision] Supreme Court of Arizona interprets anti-miscegenation statute in a manner which prohibits persons of mixed racial heritage from marrying anyone.
Wells also investigated lynchings and wrote about her findings. Constitutionswear loyalty to the Union and pay off their war debt. Education-Teaching [Statute] "Any instructor who shall teach in any school, college or institution where members of the white and colored race are received and enrolled as pupils for instruction shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof, shall be fined in any Jim crow laws not less than ten dollars nor more than fifty dollars for each offense.
So, in the former Confederacy and neighboring states, efforts to legally re-establish the white supremacy of the slavery days were overlooked. Adoption [Statute] Petition must state race or color of adopting parents.
Once he had boarded the train, he informed the train conductor of his racial lineage and took a seat in the whites-only car. Because opportunities were so limited in the South, African Americans moved in great numbers to northern cities to seek better lives, becoming an urbanized population. Lunch Counters South Carolina - No persons, firms, or corporations, who or which furnish meals to passengers at station restaurants or station eating houses, in times limited by common carriers of said passengers, shall furnish said meals to white and colored passengers in the same room, or at the same table, or at the same counter.
They effectively disappeared from political life, as they could not influence the state legislatures, and their interests were overlooked. Board of Education that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. Alabama Pool and Billiard Rooms It shall be unlawful for a negro and white person to play together or in company with each other at any game of pool or billiards.
Illinois[ edit ] Lunch Counters South Carolina - No persons, firms, or corporations, who or which furnish meals to passengers at station restaurants or station eating houses, in times limited by common carriers of said passengers, shall furnish said meals to white and colored passengers in the same room, or at the same table, or at the same counter.
In President Harry S. The decision had far-reaching social ramifications. North Carolina Transportation The Residency [Statute] An statute excluded "any person living on an Indian or military reservation" from residency, unless that person had acquired a residence in a county of MT and is in the employ of the government while living on a reservation.
Voting Rights Louisiana[ edit ] "Any person who shall rent any part of any such building to a Negro person or a Negro family when such building is already in whole or in part in occupancy by a white person or white family, or vice versa when the building is in occupancy by a Negro person or Negro family, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
President Johnson issued a call for a strong voting rights law and hearings soon began on the bill that would become the Voting Rights Act. Voter rights [Constitution] Any person who could not read the Constitution in English or write his name would be disfranchised.
Railroads statute — "All respectable Negro persons" to be sold first-class tickets at the same rates as white passengers and shall be provided a separate car "equally as good and provided with the same facilities for comfort as for white persons.
No organization of colored troops shall be permitted where white troops are available, and while white permitted to be organized, colored troops shall be under the command of white officers. Voter rights [Constitution] "No native of China" would ever have the right to vote in the state of California.
In retaliation, white authorities charged black communities with secret conspiracies to conquer white America. Similarly, a miscegenation law passed in broadened an law, adding that it was unlawful for white persons to marry "Mongolians.
While public schools had been established by Reconstruction legislatures for the first time in most Southern states, those for black children were consistently underfunded compared to schools for white children, even when considered within the strained finances of the postwar South where the decreasing price of cotton kept the agricultural economy at a low.
Education [Statute] Black children prohibited from attending Pittsburgh schools. Adoption [Statute] Adoption petition must state race or color of adopting parents. Burial Georgia - The officer in charge shall not bury, or allow to be buried, any colored persons upon ground set apart or used for the burial of white persons.
Ohio[ edit ] Enacted a miscegenation statute in and a school segregation law in Miscegenation [Statute] Subjected U.
Railroads Alabama - The conductor of each passenger train is authorized and required to assign each passenger to the car or the division of the car, when it is divided by a partition, designated for the race to which such passenger belongs.
One rationale for the systematic exclusion of black Americans from southern public society was that it was for their own protection. Democrats passed laws to make voter registration and electoral rules more restrictive, with the result that political participation by most blacks and many poor whites began to decrease.
Education [Statute] — a Penal offense for any persons to conduct any school, any grade, either public or private where whites and blacks are instructed or boarded in the same building or taught in the same class by the same teachers. White boys and negro boys shall not, in any manner, be associated together or worked together.
Some quickly began to press for segregated workplaces, although the city of Washington, D. Aug 21, · Watch video · Jim Crow laws were a collection of state and local statutes that legalized racial segregation. Named after an insulting song lyric regarding African Americans, the laws—which existed for about.
Jim Crow was the name of a minstrel routine beginning in by Thomas Dartmouth ("Daddy") Rice.
The name became a derogatory term for African Americans and a name for any state laws that established different rules for blacks and whites. Jim Crow was more than a series of rigid anti-black laws. It was a way of life. Under Jim Crow, African Americans were relegated to the status of second class citizens.
Jun 01, · Black codes were restrictive laws designed to limit the freedom of African Americans and ensure their availability as a cheap labor force after slavery was abolished during the Civil War. Though.
Jim Crow Laws From the s into the s, a majority of American states enforced segregation through "Jim Crow" laws (so called after a black character in minstrel shows). From Delaware to California, and from North Dakota to Texas, many states (and cities, too) could impose legal punishments on people for consorting with members of another.
Jim Crow laws were any of the laws that enforced racial segregation in the American South between the end of Reconstruction in and the beginning of the civil rights movement in the s. In its Plessy v.Jim crow laws